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AFGHANISTAN Constitution

The present Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was agreed upon by more than 500 delegates representing Afghan men and women from across the country at the Constitutional Loya Jirga (December 13, 2003 – January 4, 2004). The Constitution was formally ratified by President Hamid Karzai at a ceremony in Kabul on January 26, 2004.

The full text of the Constitution may be found below. Note: this is an unofficial English translation of the Constitution. In any conflict between this and the original Dari / Pashto Constitution, the Dari / Pashto version shall take precedence.

  • THE CONSTITUTION OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN 
  • (Ratified) January 26, 2004
  • DOWNLOAD PDF

PREAMBLE

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of Worlds; and Praise and Peace be upon Mohammad,
His Last Messenger and his disciples and followers

  • We the people of Afghanistan:
  • Believing firmly in Almighty God, relying on His divine will and adhering to the Holy religion of Islam;
  • Realizing the previous injustices, miseries and innumerable disasters which have befallen our country;
  • Appreciating the sacrifices, historical struggles, jihad and just resistance of all the peoples of Afghanistan, admiring the supreme position of the martyr’s of the country’s freedom;
  • Comprehending that a united, indivisible Afghanistan belongs to all its tribes and peoples;
  • Observing the United Nations Charter as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
  • And in order to:
  • Strengthen national unity, safeguard independence, national sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country;
  • Establish an order based on the peoples’ will and democracy;
  • Form a civil society void of oppression, atrocity, discrimination as well as violence, based on rule of law, social justice, protecting integrity and human rights, and attaining peoples’ freedoms and fundamental rights;
  • Strengthen political, social, economic as well as defense institutions;
  • Attain a prosperous life and sound living environment for all inhabitants of this land;
  • And, eventually, regain Afghanistan’s appropriate place in the international family;
  • Have, herein, approved this constitution in accordance with the historical, cultural and social realities as well as requirements of time through our elected representatives in the Loya Jirga, dated January 3, 2004, held in the city of Kabul.

CHAPTER ONE: STATE

Article One
Article Two
Article Three
Article Four
Article Five
Article Six
Article Seven
Article Eight
Article Nine
Article Ten
Article Eleven
Article Twelve
Article Thirteen
Article Fourteen
Article Fifteen
Article Sixteen
Article Seventeen
Article Eighteen
Article Nineteen
Article Twenty
Article Twenty-One

CHAPTER TWO: FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE CITIZEN

Article Twenty-Two
Article Twenty-Three
Article Twenty-Four
Article Twenty-Five
Article Twenty-Six
Article Twenty-Seven
Article Twenty-Eight
Article Twenty-Nine
Article Thirty
Article Thirty-One
Article Thirty-Two
Article Thirty-Three
Article Thirty-Four
Article Thirty-Five
Article Thirty-Six
Article Thirty-Seven
Article Thirty-Eight
Article Thirty-Nine
Article Forty
Article Forty-One
Article Forty-Two
Article Forty-Three
Article Forty-Four
Article Forty-Five
Article Forty-Six
Article Forty-Seven
Article Forty-Eight
Article Forty-Nine
Article Fifty
Article Fifty-One
Article Fifty-Two
Article Fifty-Three
Article Fifty-Four
Article Fifty-Five
Article Fifty-Six
Article Fifty-Seven
Article Fifty-Eight
Article Fifty-Nine

CHAPTER THREE: THE PRESIDENT

Article Sixty
Article Sixty-One
Article Sixty-Two
Article Sixty-Three
Article Sixty-Four
Article Sixty-Five
Article Sixty-Six
Article Sixty-Seven
Article Sixty-Eight
Article Sixty-Nine
Article Seventy

CHAPTER FOUR: THE GOVERNMENT

Article Seventy-One
Article Seventy-Two
Article Seventy-Three
Article Seventy-Four
Article Seventy-Five
Article Seventy-Six
Article Seventy-Seven
Article Seventy-Eight
Article Seventy-Nine
Article Eighty

CHAPTER FIVE: NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 

Article Eighty-One
Article Eighty-Two
Article Eighty-Three
Article Eighty-Four
Article Eighty-Five
Article Eighty-Six
Article Eighty-Seven
Article Eighty-Eight
Article Eighty-Nine
Article Ninety
Article Ninety-One
Article Ninety-Two
Article Ninety-Three
Article Ninety-Four
Article Ninety-Five
Article Ninety-Six
Article Ninety-Seven
Article Ninety-Eight
Article Ninety-Nine
Article One Hundred
Article One Hundred One
Article One Hundred Two
Article One Hundred Three
Article One Hundred Four
Article One Hundred Five
Article One Hundred Six
Article One Hundred Seven
Article One Hundred Eight
Article One Hundred Nine

CHAPTER SIX: LOYA JIRGA

Article One Hundred Ten
Article One Hundred Eleven
Article One Hundred Twelve
Article One Hundred Thirteen
Article One Hundred Fourteen
Article One Hundred Fifteen

CHAPTER SEVEN: THE JUDICIARY 

Article One Hundred Sixteen
Article One Hundred Seventeen
Article One Hundred Eighteen
Article One Hundred Nineteen
Article One Hundred Twenty
Article One Hundred Twenty-One
Article One Hundred Twenty-Two
Article One Hundred Twenty-Three
Article One Hundred Twenty-Four
Article One Hundred Twenty-Five
Article One Hundred Twenty-Six
Article One Hundred Twenty-Seven
Article One Hundred Twenty-Eight
Article One Hundred Twenty-Nine
Article One Hundred Thirty
Article One Hundred Thirty-One
Article One Hundred Thirty-Two
Article One Hundred Thirty-Three
Article One Hundred Thirty-Four
Article One Hundred Thirty-Five

CHAPTER EIGHT: ADMINISTRATION

Article One Hundred Thirty-Six
Article One Hundred Thirty-Seven
Article One Hundred Thirty-Eight
Article One Hundred Thirty-Nine
Article One Hundred Forty
Article One Hundred Forty-One
Article One Hundred Forty-Two

CHAPTER NINE: STATE OF EMERGENCY 

Article One Hundred Forty-Three
Article One Hundred Forty-Four
Article One Hundred Forty-Five
Article One Hundred Forty-Six
Article One Hundred Forty-Seven
Article One Hundred Forty-Eight

CHAPTER TEN: AMENDMENTS 

Article One Hundred Forty-Nine
Article One Hundred Fifty

CHAPTER ELEVEN: MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Article One Hundred Fifty-One
Article One Hundred Fifty-Two
Article One Hundred Fifty-Three
Article One Hundred Fifty-Four
Article One Hundred Fifty-Five
Article One Hundred Fifty-Six
Article One Hundred Fifty-Seven

CHAPTER TWELVE: TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 

Article One Hundred Fifty-Eight
Article One Hundred Fifty-Nine
Article One Hundred Sixty
Article One Hundred Sixty-One
Article One Hundred Sixty-Two